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With stocks falling into a bear market this year amid fears that aggressive rate hikes from the Federal Reserve will plunge the economy into a looming recession, top firms on Wall Street are advising investors to stick with stocks that have historically performed well during past downturns, such as consumer and healthcare companies.


Experts are increasingly warning that a recession looks “inevitable” as the Federal Reserve scrambles to combat surging inflation by raising interest rates at the fastest pace in 28 years, with a 75-basis-point increase announced earlier this week.

Major Wall Street firms are now advising clients to ride out the downturn by buying defensive stocks with stable margins, steady cash flow and solid dividends, especially in sectors like utilities and consumer food staples.

History shows that in past recessions, consumer and healthcare stocks have tended to outperform while the rest of the market struggles: In the last four recessions since 1990, they were the only two positive sectors in the S&P 500, according to CFRA Research.

The steepest market declines are usually among the “more economically sensitive groups,” such as airlines, automobile manufacturers, hotels and casinos, says Sam Stovall, chief investment strategist at CFRA Research.

With regards to specific sub-industries, home improvement retail stocks like Home Depot were the best performers, while others that did well include footwear companies such as Nike, IT companies like Accenture and brewers including Boston Beer Co.

Several other big-name companies have averaged positive returns during the last three recessions, including the likes of McDonald’s, Walmart, General Mills, JM Smucker Co., Chesapeake Utilities and the National Beverage Corp., according to data from FactSet.